Forecasters at the Met Office say temperatures will peak at three degrees Celsius tomorrow, with lows of zero, but could drop as low as minus two on Saturday.
An North Sea oil rig, off the north-east coast of Scotland, is being partially evacuated over fears extreme waves caused by Caroline could endanger workers. As the storm moved away from the United Kingdom and towards Scandinavia on Friday it would be followed by cold air.
"At the moment we have a yellow weather warning in place, but it could be upgraded to amber".
"Some damage to buildings is possible, such as tiles blowing off roofs", the Met Office said.
"Overnight, the main feature will be the increase in wind as Caroline starts to come in towards the end of the night".
The storm will pass close to the north coast of Scotland on Thursday morning.
Transport networks face widespread disruption and power cuts are possible as a result of the extreme weather, the forecaster said.
The biting cold snap set to grip Britain is likely to continue into next week with more sleet and snow showers predicted and temperatures struggling to climb above freezing.
Roads, railways and ferries are all expected to be disrupted as gusts of 70mph to 80mph are hit northern Scotland, increasing to 90mph in exposed areas. Some short term loss of power and other services is possible.
Winds are forecast to strengthen across parts of Britain on Wednesday ahead of the arrival of Storm Caroline.
Gritters and patrols will also be deployed across the trunk road network with up to 8in (20cm) of snow and blizzard conditions forecast for higher routes on Friday and Saturday.
"North and northwest counties will be most at risk, as well as higher ground elsewhere".
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