The UN resolution seeks to ban almost 90 per cent of refined petroleum exports to North Korea by capping them at 500,000 barrels a year.
Camera IconRussian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said "Washington's aggressive rhetoric" had heightened tensions.
During their call, the two diplomats also reportedly discussed possible paths forward regarding the conflict in Syria and the situation in Ukraine.
In the wake of the extreme deterioration of the crisis in the region this summer amid Pyongyang's repeated missile launches and a nuclear test, Russian Federation and China have proposed the so-called "double freeze" plan aimed to settle the situation, which urges North Korea to halt nuclear tests and urges the USA and South Korea to cease joint drills.
Lavrov on Monday stressed the point, calling for the two nations to start negotiations while underscoring the Kremlin's readiness to serve as a facilitator of the meeting.
Russian Federation on Tuesday indicated that it was ready to mediate between the United States and North Korea to reduce escalating tensions, if asked to.
Lavrov pointed out contacts between Russian President Vladimir Putin and his USA counterpart Donald Trump have recently become quite intense, covering a wide range of bilateral and global topics.
North Korea had threatened to punish all those countries who supported the bid for sanctions which was imposed following Pyongyang's latest intercontinental ballistic missile test.
Moscow has long called for the two sides to hold negotiations aimed at reducing tensions over the nuclear and missile program North Korea is pursuing in defiance of years of UN Security Council resolutions.
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